Water Aerobics and High Blood Pressure

Water Aerobic Exercise can Reduced Blood Pressure

This study investigate the effects of  water aerobic exercise on the resting blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension

By Ali Vasheghani Farahani, MD, Mohammad-Ali Mansournia, MD, MPH, Hossein Asheri, MD, Akbar Fotouhi, MD, PhD, Masud Yunesian, MD, PhD, Mohsen Jamali, MD and Vahid Ziaee, MD from Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

 

Purpose

To investigate the effects of a 10-week water aerobic exercise on the resting blood pressure in patients with stage 1 or 2 hypertension referring to Tehran University Clinics.

 

Methods

Forty men with stage 1 or 2 essential hypertension were assigned to two groups of intervention

[n = 12; aged 48.33±10.74 years (mean±SD)] and control [n = 28; aged 46.96±11.58 years (mean±SD)].

Subjects in the intervention group participated in a supervised 10-week water aerobic training program of 55 min sessions, 3 days per week on alternate days, while those in the control group were not involved in any regular training program during this period.

Blood pressure of the participants was recorded and compared at the beginning and at the end of the study (48 hours after the last training session).

 

Results

Exercise lowered systolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure by 11.71 (95% confidence interval: 5.07 to 18.35) and 5.90 (95% confidence interval: 1.17 to 10.63) mm Hg respectively.

The lowering effect of exercise on diastolic blood pressure was neither statistically significant nor clinically important (0.55 mm Hg; P. value = 0.8).

There was no significant effect of age, baseline body mass index and stage of hypertension on the exercise-induced changes in blood pressure.

 

Conclusion

A 10-week course of water aerobic exercise markedly reduced the systolic and mean arterial blood pressure of patients with essential hypertension and is especially recommended for the obese and the elderly who have orthopedic problems or bronchospasm.

 

References: Asian J Sports Med. 2010 September; 1(3): 159–167. PMCID: PMC3289176