Aqua Aerobic Program in Sea Water is More Effective for Fibromyalgia

A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Aquatic Exercises in Sea Water and Pool Water

By de Andrade SC, de Carvalho RF, Soares AS, de Abreu Freitas RP, de Medeiros Guerra LM, Vilar MJ. from the Division of Rheumatology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brazil | DEC 2008

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of aerobic exercise in water pool compared with aerobic exercise performed in sea by women with fibromyalgia (FM).

A total of 46 patients were randomly allocated into two groups: pool group (23 patients) and sea group (23 patients) that performed the same aerobic exercise program.

Patients were evaluated baseline and after 12 weeks using: VAS, number of tender points, FIQ, SF-36, PSQI, and BDI. Both groups improved significantly in post-treatment for all the evaluated variables.

There were no significant differences between two groups, except for BDI (F=2.418, P<0.0001).

Aerobic exercise program performed in water (pool or sea) was effective for patients with FM. However, sea water exercises have been shown to bring more advantages related to emotional aspects.

Then, exercise performed sea water (thalassotherapy) is an option for effective treatment with low cost for patients with FM.

References: PMID:18600327 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]