What is the Halliwick Concept?
Aquatic Therapy Exercises, founded by the late James McMillan
The Halliwick concept originally developed to teach people with physical disability to swim and make them independent in water.
The Halliwick Concept is an approach to teaching all people, in particular, focusing on those with physical and/or learning difficulties, to take part in water activities, to move independently in water, and to swim.
Independence is an important prerequisite for participation in therapeutic, vocational or recreational activities in a group: the willingness to lose balance and knowing how to stand up again are core elements.
The Halliwick Concept is based on a belief in the benefits that can be derived from activities in water, and sets out the fundamentals necessary for their learning. These benefits include physical, personal, recreational, social and therapeutic aspects. The Concept has influenced aquatic therapy techniques and has been developed into specific therapeutic exercises.
A Ten Point Program is used to reach these goals. The most important part of this program is rotational control.