Combined Aquatic Exercise for Dementia
Development of combined aquatic exercise program to improve functional fitness and cognitive function for seniors with mild dementia.
Authors: Dong-Keun Kang, Joo-Ha Jung, Jung-Jun Park from the Pusan National University, Sports Science, South Korea; Jeong-Yeon Park from the Dong-a University, Athletic Department, South Korea | November 2015
Twenty two women, aged 65 to 74, participated in this study. They were randomly divided into two groups:
- Combined Aquatic Exercise Group (n=12)
- Normal Aquatic Exercise Group (n=10)
Both group performed exercise 60 min/day x 3 days/week, for 16 weeks at the intensity of 10-13 RPE. The variables of functional fitness test and CERAD-K’s 10 task tests were used to measure all the subjects. All data was analyzed by independent t-test, two-way repeated ANOVA and paired t-test by using SPSS 22.0.
In the case of cognitive function the Combined Aquatic Exercise Group improved significantly all 10 task tests, while Normal Aquatic Exercise Group was no significant difference all 10 task tests.
It is concluded that the effect of Combined Aquatic Exercise Group is superior to Normal Aquatic Exercise Group in improvements of functional fitness and cognitive function by increasing sense of sight, hearing, touching, memorizing. Thus, it suggests that combined aquatic exercise is an appropriate exercise, especially for seniors with mild dementia.
Source: Exercise Science 2015, vol.24, no.4, pp.415 – 423
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