How Buoyancy and Other Properties of Water can Benefit Your Joints and Muscles
- Decreased weight bearing
- Slowed bone density loss
- Less fat loss than with other forms of exercise
Water’s buoyancy helps people with load-sensitive joints to perform exercises with less stress and pain on the joints. Gravity is counterbalanced by the force of buoyancy. As the body gradually immerses, water is displaced, creating the force of buoyancy.
When you are immersed to your neck, only about 15 lbs. of compressive force is exerted on your spine, hips, and knees. This property helps people with degenerative conditions such as:
- Ligament instability
- Cartilage breakdown
The hydrostatic pressure of water has been shown to increase blood flow to resting muscles by 100 – 225%, with head-out immersion. This increase in blood flow can improve muscular performance by increasing the oxygen available and enhancing the removal of waste.
You will also see faster results with aquatic activities due to the velocity-dependent resistance of the water, which helps muscles to gain and maintain strength.