A systematic literature search of six databases (MEDLINE, PEDro, AMED, CINAHL, Embase, SPORTDiscus) for randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental trials on aquatic exercises in three different neurological disorders, namely, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and hemiplegia, was performed. Reference lists from identified studies were manually searched for additional studies. Methodological quality was assessed using the Downs and Black checklist. The data were analyzed and synthesized by two independent reviewers. Disagreements in extracted data were resolved by discussion among the reviewers.