Aquatic Therapy for Subacute Stroke Patients

Aquatic therapy improves outcomes for subacute stroke patients by enhancing muscular strength of paretic lower limbs without increasing spasticity: a randomized controlled trial.

Authors: Zhang Y, Wang YZ, Huang LP, Bai B, Zhou S, Yin MM, Zhao H, Zhou XN, Wang HT. By the Department of Rehabilitation, Huanhu Hospital, Tianjin, China (YZ, Y-ZW, M-MY, HZ, X-NZ, H-TW); Department of Health and Exercise Science, Tianjin University of Sport, China (L-PH); Department of Science and Technology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China (BB); and Department of Exercise Science and Sport Management School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia (SZ). | April 2016

 

PURPOSE

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an aquatic exercise program designed to enhance muscular strength in paretic lower limbs in subacute stroke patients.

 

METHODS

Thirty-six subacute stroke patients were randomly divided to a conventional or an aquatic group (n = 18 each). Outcome measures were assessed at baseline and after 8 weeks of training. For the paretic lower limbs, maximum isometric voluntary contraction strength of the rectus femoris and biceps femoris caput longus and the tibialis anterior and lateral gastrocnemius was measured. Cocontraction ratios during knee extension and flexion and ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion were calculated respectively. In addition, Modified Ashworth Scale, Functional Ambulation Category, and Barthel Index were assessed.

 

RESULTS

Compared with the conventional intervention, the aquatic intervention resulted in significantly higher knee extension (P = 0.002) and ankle plantarflexion torque (P = 0.002), accompanied with a significantly lower knee extension cocontraction ratio in the paretic limb (P = 0.000). Functional Ambulation Category (P = 0.009) and Barthel Index (P = 0.024) were greater in aquatic group than conventional group posttreatment. Modified Ashworth Scale scores did not show any differences between groups.

 

CONCLUSIONS

Aquatic exercise enhanced muscle strength in paretic lower limbs and improved muscle cocontraction without increasing spasticity in subacute stroke patients.

 

Source:  PMID 27088480 [PubMed]