Balneotherapy at the Dead Sea Area for Knee Osteoarthritis
Study: Intermittent Balneotherapy for patients with knee osteoarthritis
by Sherman G, Zeller L, Avriel A, Friger M, Harari M, Sukenik S. Department of Medicine D, Soroka University Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel, February, 2009
Forty-four patients with knee osteoarthritis were included in a prospective randomized single-blind controlled study. The patients were divided into two groups:
- Treatment group (n=24): treated twice weekly for 6 consecutive weeks in a sulfur pool heated to 35-36 degrees C.
- Control group (n=20): treated in a Jacuzzi filled with tap water heated to 35-36 degrees C.
Participants were assessed by the Lequesne index of osteoarthritis severity, the WOMAC index, the SF-36 quality of health questionnaire, VAS scales for pain (completed by patients and physicians), and physical examination.
A statistically significant improvement, lasting up to 6 months, was observed in the treatment group for most of the clinical parameters. In the control group the only improvements were in the SF-36 bodily pain scale at 6 months, the Lequesne index at 1 month and the WOMAC pain score at the end of the treatment period. Although the patients in the control group had milder disease, the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant.
References: PMID: 19432036 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]