Advantages of Aqua Aerobics for Senior Women

The Long-Term Effect of Aqua Aerobics Exercise Program on Physical Function and Mental Health in Elderly Women

By Myeong Kim from the Department of Elementary Special Education, Kwangju Women’s University, Kwangju, Korea; Sung-Jin Kim from the Department of College of Liberal, Kwangju Women’s University, Kwangju, Korea; Hae-Ryoung Park from the Department of College of Liberal Arts and Teacher Training, Kwangju Women’s University, Kwangju, Korea; Ji-Hyang Lim from the Department of Graduate School of Human Care, Daegu Cyber University, Daegu, Korea; Sung-Woon Kim from the Department of Physical Education, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

The purpose of this study was to identify the long-term effect of aqua aerobics exercise program on physical function and mental health in elderly women.

Fifty elderly women were participated in this study. Their ages ranged from 70–75, with a mean age of 71.62 years. The participants were randomly assigned to one of two experimental conditions:

  1. Aqua aerobics exercises group (n = 25)
  2. Control group (n = 25)

Data was analyzed using two-way ANOVAs with repeated measures of groups (aqua aerobics exercise group and control group) and time (pretest and posttest).

Dependent variables were:

  • Cardio-respiratory endurance
  • Muscle endurance
  • Flexibility
  • Balance
  • Nimbleness
  • Tension
  • Depression
  • Anger
  • Fatigue
  • Vigor
  • Confusion
  • TMD (Total Mood Disturbance)

The result of this study indicated that aqua aerobics exercise group had a significantly higher score than the control group in cardiorespiratory endurance, muscle endurance, flexibility, balance, nimbleness.
The result of the analysis indicated that sub-factors of skill related fitness were improved. And the aqua aerobics exercise group had a significantly lower score than the control group in tension, depression, anger, fatigue and TMD. But the aqua aerobics exercise group showed higher score in vigor score relative to the control group. It was found that aqua aerobics exercise helped to improve physical function and enhance mental health in elderly women.

Reference:
Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol 8(26), IPL0499, October 2015 (PDF)